Essential Tools And Techniques For Nature Photography
Nature Photography
November 2, 2019

Beauty is all around us. Especially when you are out there amidst nature you will start to realise how amazing the little details in nature are. All these scenes are worth capturing in your camera, but to do it with creativity is quite a challenge.


Nature photography is one of the most joyous yet difficult genres of photography, as nature itself is very unpredictable and nothing here can be controlled. Basically a good photograph is only the result of the skills and techniques used to capture beauty.


In this blog, you will learn about the various lenses you can use in nature photography and how can you use them.


Image by Johannes Plenio

Here Are The Tools And Techniques You Must Know


Focal Length Of A Lens:

The focal length is basically what your camera and lens together cover in the frame. The focal length changes majorly with each lens. You must keep one thing in mind. What kind of shot are you looking forward to capturing? Do you want to focus on one single object in the frame, or do you want to take a wide-angle landscape shot?


So according to that, you can choose your lens. For eg: if you want to zoom roughly into something then you can use a 50mm lens in full-frame sensor and a 35mm lens in a 1.5x crop sensor. Whereas if you want to click a wide-angle shot, then you must go for a 24mm lens in full-frame sensor and a 16mm lens in a 1.5x crop sensor.


However, the best landscape photography is done with a 16mm lens in a full-frame sensor and a 10mm lens in a 1.5x crop sensor.


It’s also very valuable to have a telephoto lens when you can ultra zoom into an object to isolate it. For that, you will need a 100mm lens which goes up to 200mm.


Ultra Wide Angle Shot



Ultra-Wide Lens:

This is the lens that will give you a peripheral view of 100 degrees side to side. Which you would get in your 16mm Full sensor lens OR 10mm 1.5x sensor lens. This is one of the most preferable lens, as you will always want to capture more when you are in a natural environment.


Use the ultra-wide lens when you are packed in a very tight environment. Meaning, there isn’t enough space for you to move behind to get a wide view. Using an ultra-wide-angle lens is the best choice 


Another way of using this lens is Foreshortening, where you want to exaggerate the foreground more in comparison to the background.



Wide Angle Shot



Wide Lens:

It gives your camera a view of 75 degrees side to side. It is 24mm in a full-frame sensor and 16mm in a 1.5x sensor. The wide-angle lens is a very decent lens, which doesn’t exaggerate the photograph too much, instead keeps it very natural.

The foreshortening is still possible with this lens, but with a very natural after photo. You must definitely carry a wide-angle with you, as not every scene needs an ultra-wide-angle lens to be captured.



Short Telephoto Lens Shot



Short Telephoto Lens:

This is not just a valuable lens to have, but it is an extraordinary lens to carry while you stroll around for nature photography. It gives you a view of the 24-degree angle. Which is the 100mm lens in full-frame sensor and 65mm lens in a 1.5x sensor?

You can use this lens when not every object before you is beautiful to be captured, so you can isolate what needs to be photographed. 



Medium Telephoto Lens Shot



Medium Telephoto Lens:

Pulling details from the environment can create beautiful pictures, but sometimes these details are at a distance from you, and this is when you will be using the medium telephoto lens.

It has a 10-degree view, which comes in a 200mm full-frame sensor and 135mm in a 1.5x sensor. It is the longest lens that you will possibly use in nature photography. You can use this lens to compress details in one location and create photographs full of patterns.



These are basically all the lenses you will mostly use in nature photography. However, there are other lenses like the Moderate wide-angle lens with a view of 54 degrees side to side and the super-telephoto lens with a view of 5 degrees which will mostly be used only for wildlife photography.


More Related Blogs:

Nature photography - 10 tips for beginners

How to Plan a Successful Landscape Photography Trip?

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